Osteoarthritis is caused by the breakdown of cartilage in joints and manifests most frequently in the hips, hands, and knees. Treatment of OA typically focuses on pain relief, and there currently is no available therapy for the associated joint pathology and progressive cartilage damage.
Lameness in dairy cows represents a significant animal welfare concern and can lead to economic losses for farms. It is the physical manifestation of any number of leg or foot conditions, including sole ulcers, digital dermatitis, and foot rot, among others.
The threat of highly pathogenic disease transmission has spurred significant biosecurity efforts in the agricultural sector in the United States and throughout the world. But the bulk of those efforts have focused on prevention, and not so much on containment.
Ninety-three percent of dairy cows receive an intramammary infusion of long-acting antimicrobials independent of mastitis infection status.
Urinary stones are painful for pets but eliminating them does not have to be expensive for pet owners. Lower-cost, minimally invasive techniques developed over the past 40 years by veterinarians at the University of Minnesota Urolith Center are available for most stone types and patients.