DVM Curriculum

The curriculum posted below is accurate as of Fall 2021, as approved by the collegiate Committee on Curriculum and Educational Policy. The Core Curriculum at a Glance offers a summary of the DVM curriculum.

You can also use the University of Minnesota College of Veterinary Medicine Curriculum Map to search the CVM curriculum by course, COE clinical Competency or AAVMC CBVE Competency.



Year 1


CVM 6000 Gopher Orientation and Leadership Experience (2 cr) Orientation to the veterinary program, introduction to academic and personal skills necessary for success in the curriculum and profession, peer and faculty mentoring. Small group  Course Coordinator: Churchill

CVM 6005 Better Together: Preparing for Collaborative Practice (0.5 cr) Elective introductory course in interprofessional education with students from all Health Sciences disicplines. Discussion Course Coordinator: Pelican

CVM 6008 Integrated Physiology (6.5 cr) Fundamental principles of systemic physiology and associated biochemistry through survey of major organ systems including cell function, muscle, cardiology, gastrointestinal function, and neurobiology. Lecture/Laboratory Course Coordinator: Mickelson

CVM 6900 Microscopic Anatomy I (2 cr) Introduction to microscopic/ultrastructural morphology of cells, tissues, organs and organ systems. Lecture/Laboratory  Course Coordinator: Collister/Larsen

CVM 6903 Anatomy I (4 cr) Gross anatomy of domesticated mammals. Carnivore dissection uses the dog as a model with comparative features of the cat. Lecture/Laboratory/Small group  Course Cordinator: Clarkson

CVM 6904 Clinical Skills I (1 cr) Basics of animal handling and restraint, foundational clinical skills in large and small animals. Lecture/Laboratory  Course Coordinator: Kuhle/Spence

CVM 6905 Professional Development I (1 cr) Introduction to the veterinary profession, personal management, animal welfare, ethics and personal finance. Lecture  Course Coordinator: Bianco

CVM 6906 Critical Scientific Reading (1 cr) Introduction to critical analysis and review of scientific literature, statistical analysis, evidence-based medicine. Lecture/Small group  Course Coordinator: Mickelson/Patterson

CVM 6911 Immunology (2 cr) Introduction to immunology, including innate and adaptive immunity, cells and molecules involved in protection against infectious agents and cancers. Overview of antibody-antigen-based testing, immune-mediated diseases. Lecture  Course Coordinator: Rutherford

CVM 6914 Preventive Medicine (4 cr) Preventive care of common domestic species. Behavior, nutrition, vaccinology, parasite control, reproduction control, management of neonates, backyard poultry, non-traditional pets, biosecurity. Lecture/Online  Course Coordinator: Root



CVM 6000 Gopher Orientation and Leadership Experience (2 cr) Orientation to the veterinary program, introduction to academic and personal skills necessary for success in the curriculum and profession, peer and faculty mentoring. Small group  Course Coordinators: Barrell

CVM 6907 Professional Development II (1.5 cr) Social, economic, legislative, and health consequences of human/animal interaction. Introduction to production agriculture, population medicine, veterinary career paths. Lecture/Experiential  Course Coordinator: Nault

CVM 6908 Anatomy II (3 cr) Gross and developmental anatomy of domesticated mammals. Ungulate dissection focuses on the horse with emphasis on clinically important aspects of ruminant and swine anatomy. Lecture /Laboratory/Small group  Course Coordinator: Clarkson

CVM 6909 Clinical Skills II (1 cr) Basics of animal handling and restraint, foundational clinical skills in large and small animals. Lecture/Laboratory  Course Coordinators: Goldsmith/Spence

CVM 6910 Physiology II (5 cr) Fundamental principles of systemic physiology through survey of major organ systems, including gastroenterology, urology, and reproductive biology. Lecture  Course Coordinator: Malone/Madill/Guedes

CVM 6912 Basic Pathology (2 cr) Reactions of cells/tissues to injury, including retrogressive changes, cell death, pigments, circulatory disturbances, inflammation, alterations of cell growth. Lecture/Laboratory  Course Coordinator: O'Brien

CVM 6913 Agents of Disease I (4 cr) Virology, bacteriology, parasitology of common domestic species. Lecture/Laboratory/Small group  Course Coordinator: Burton

CVM 6936 Microscopic Anatomy II (2 cr) Continuation of introductory course. Lecture/Laboratory Course Coordinator: Clarkson/Collister 

CVM 6939 Non-Traditional Pets (1.0 cr) Husbandry and common disorders of caged birds, reptiles and amphibians, small mammals, and marsupials kept as pets. Online Course Coordinator: Root/Malone

CVM 6981 Clinical Correlations I (1 cr) Integrative problem-based discussion in all species. Small group Course Coordinator: Nelson/Bianco

CVM 6992 Veterinary Genetics and Genomics (1 cr) This course integrates principles of genetics and genomics, with the goals of illustrating how an understanding of these molecular biosciences enables a better understanding of the many mechanisms at play in animal health and disease Lecture Course Coordinator: Reed

CVM 6993 Thrive through Life (4 cr) Integrate knowledge of nutrition, behavior and dentistry to proactively address changes occurring throughout life to promote optimal health of  dogs and cats from birth the geriatric years.  Course Coordinator: Churchill

Year 2


CVM 6917 Agents of Disease II (5 cr) Virology, bacteriology, parasitology of common domestic species. International diseases. Lecture/Small group  Course Coordinator: Rutherford

CVM 6918 Pharmacology I (2 cr) Principles of pharmacokinetics as applied to the use of antimicrobials and other drugs in animal patients. Clinical pharmacology of antibacterial, antifungal and anti-parasitic drugs. Principles of pharmacodynamics and adverse drug reactions. Pharmacology of drugs affecting the autonomic nervous system and the medically-important target organs it innervates. Lecture  Course Coordinator: Brown

CVM 6919 Systemic Pathology (5 cr) Reactions of specific organs systems to injury. Applications to diagnosis of specific diseases at gross/microscopic level. Lecture/Laboratory  Course Coordinators: Porter

CVM 6920 Clinical Pathology I (2.5 cr) Hematology, cytology. Integration of diagnostic plan, generation of clinical pathology data, statistical concepts, interpretation of results to guide patient management. Lecture  Course Coordinator: Burton

CVM 6921 Clinical Skills III (2 cr) Advanced clinical skills in large and small animals. Experiential learning at the CVM and external sites. Experiential  Course Coordinators: Firshman/Spence

CVM 6922 Clinical Epidemiology (1.5 cr) Statistical and epidemiological concepts applied to veterinary medicine. Lecture  Course Coordinator: Wells

CVM 6923 Public Health (2 cr) Epidemiological approach to veterinary public health. Major zoonoses, animal sentinels, meat/milk inspection, food safety, environment, occupational health/safety, euthanasia and carcass disposal methods, cruelty investigation, animal welfare issues. Lecture  Course Coordinator: Mahero

CVM 6924 Small Animal Medicine I (2 cr) Multi-systemic infectious diseases and hematological and immunological disorders of dogs and cats. Lecture  Course Coordinator: Granick

CVM 6925 Diagnostics Laboratory (2 cr) Hands-on diagnostics laboratory, including sample handling, parasitology, microbiology, urinalysis, serologic testing. Laboratory  Course Coordinator: Burton

CVM 6928 Large Animal Medicine I (2 cr) Multi-systemic infectious diseases and hematological and immunological disorders of large animals. Lecture  Course Coordinator: Ward

CVM 6938 Professional Development III (1 cr) Problem-oriented medical records, clinical decision-making, clinical communications. Lecture/Small group  Course Coordinator: Todd/Kennedy



CVM 6926 Small Animal Medicine II (5 cr) Common disorders of the gastrointestinal, endocrine, and urinary systems in dogs and cats. Lecture/Laboratory  Course Coordinator: Lulich

CVM 6927 Small Animal Surgery I (3 cr) Orthopedic disorders and lameness, and abdominal surgery in small animals. Lecture/Laboratory  Course Coordinator: Conzemius

CVM 6929 Large Animal Surgery I (3 cr) Orthopedic disorders, lameness, hoof and foot disorders, and abdominal surgery in large animals. Lecture/Laboratory  Course Coordinator: Malone

CVM 6935 Veterinary Imaging I (4 cr) General principles of interpretation of diagnostic radiographs, musculoskeletal and abdominal radiography in large and small animals. Lecture/Laboratory  Course Coordinator: Anderson

CVM 6937 Pharmacology II (2 cr) Pharmacology of drugs affecting the urinary and digestive systems. Pharmacological alleviation of inflammation and pain in animal patients. Lecture  Course Coordinator: Brown

CVM 6941 Clinical Skills IV (2 cr) Advanced clinical skills in large and small animals. Experiential learning at the CVM and external sites. Experiential  Firshman/Spence

CVM 6942 Clinical Pathology II (3 cr) Serum chemistry analysis. Integration of diagnostic plan, generation of clinical pathology data, statistical concepts, interpretation of results to guide patient management. Lecture  Course Coordinator: Heinrich

CVM 6943 Avian Core (2 cr) Avian nutrition, physiology, anatomy, and disease. Lecture  Course Coordinator: Willette/Porter

CVM 6945 Large Animal Medicine II (3 cr) Common disorders of the gastrointestinal, endocrine, and urinary systems in large animal species. Lecture  Course Coordinator: Ward

CVM 6971 Dermatology (2cr) Case-based discussion of common dermatological conditions that affect dogs and cats. Lecture Course Coordinator: Torres

CVM 6982 Clinical Correlations II (1 cr) Integrative problem-based discussion in all species. Small group  Course Coordinator: Nelson/Bianco

Year 3


CVM 6944 Small Animal Surgery II and Anesthesia (3 cr) Surgery of the urogenital and cardiopulmonary systems in small animal species. Clinical principles of anesthesia in small animal and exotic species, including anesthetic protocols and monitoring, anesthetic equipment, pain control. Lecture/Laboratory  Course Coordinator: Gordon-Evans

CVM 6946 Large Animal Surgery II (2 cr) Surgery of the urogenital and respiratory systems in large animal species. Principles of field anesthesia and analgesia. Lecture  Course Coordinator: Malone

CVM 6947 Veterinary Imaging II (2 cr) Interpretation of diagnostic radiographs of the thorax, spine, and urogenital structures. Lecture/Laboratory  Course Coordinator: Ober

CVM 6949 Comparative Theriogenology (3 cr) Diagnosis, treatment, and prevention/control of common reproductive disorders, breeding soundness examination, and reproduction management in large and small animals. Lecture  Course Coordinator: Madill

CVM 6952 Clinical Skills V (1 cr) Advanced clinical skills in large and small animals. Hospital clerk duty. Experiential  Course Coordinator: Spence/Wefel

CVM 6953 Professional Development IV (2.5 cr) Economics, marketing, personnel management, client relations, accounting issues in veterinary practice. Lecture/Experiential  Course Coordinator: Wood

CVM 6954 Small Animal Medicine III (5 cr) Common disorders of the cardiopulmonary and neurological systems. Basic principles of oncology in small animal species. Lecture   Course Coordinator: Stauthammer

CVM 6969 Large Animal Medicine III (4.5 cr) Common medical disorders of the large animal neurological, muscular, cardiovascular, and respiratory systems, as well as core medical problems of swine. Lecture  Course Coordinator: Ward

CVM 6974 Veterinary Toxicology (2 cr) Mechanisms by which common toxicants encountered in residential, natural, and agricultural or industrial settings exert their deleterious effects in animals. Approaches to treating common toxicoses arising from toxicant exposure. Lecture Course Coordinator: Brown



CVM 6956 Small Animal Selective I (3 cr) Track-specific knowledge and skills for any student intending to work with dogs and cats. Lecture/Laboratory  Course Coordinator: Torres/Chow

CVM 6957 Small Animal Selective II (3 cr) Track-specific knowledge and skills for any student intending to work exclusively with dogs and cats. Lecture/Laboratory  Course Coordinator: Patterson

CVM 6958 Small Animal Problems (2 cr) Problem-oriented approach to canine and feline cases. Discussion  Course Coordinator: Granick

CVM 6959 Orientation to Clinics (2.5 cr) Medical records (UVIS), infection control and isolation procedures, communications review, hospital policies and procedures, radiation safety, rotation assessment, state and national licensure. Lecture/Experiential  Course Coordinator: Madill

CVM 6960 Equine Selective I (2.5 cr) Track-specific knowledge and skills for any student intending to work with horses. Lecture/Laboratory  Course Coordinator: Ward

CVM 6961 Equine Selective II (3 cr) Track-specific knowledge and skills for any student intending to work exclusively with horses. Lecture/Laboratory  Course Coordinator: Ward

CVM 6962 Equine Problems (2 cr) Problem-oriented approach to equine cases. Discussion  Course Coordinator: Ward

CVM 6963 Food and Fiber Selective I (4 cr) Therapeutic principles and vaccinology, animal housing and welfare, diagnostic approaches for populations, and biosecurity across multiple livestock species. Lecture  Course Coordinators: Zhitnitskiy

CVM 6964 Food and Fiber II: Production Medicine (4 cr) Detailed understanding of general principles of swine and bovine health and production, analytical skills applied to production records and economics, and therapeutic and preventative decision-making for prevalent clinical diseases and syndromes in US swine and bovine herds. Course Coordinators: Zhitnitskiy/Cramer

CVM 6131 Mixed & Food Animal Problems (2 cr) Problem-oriented approach to food animal cases. Discussion  Course Coordinator: Royster/Schappa

CVM 6968 Obstetrics Laboratory (0.5 cr) Obstetrical procedures including fetotomy in cattle. LaboratoryCourse Coordinator: Madill

CVM 6970 Professional Development V (1 cr) Advanced clinical communications and cultural competence. Experiential Course Coordinator: Clarkson

CVM 6972 Ophthalmology (1.5 cr) Common procedures for evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment of eye disorders in various species. Lecture Course Coordinator: Torres

CVM 6973 Small Animal Behavior (1 cr) Introduction to abnormal and undesired animal behavior, diagnostic procedures, and behaviour and pharmacological modifications. Lecture Course Coordinator: Torres


CVM 6001 International and Cultural Immersion (0.5 cr) Years 1-3 Finding, applying, and securing funding for international travel opportunities. Topics in culture competence. Presentations from students who have participated in international projects. Lecture/Experiential  Course Coordinator: Travis

CVM 6007 Global perspectives and intercultural development (0.5 cr) Years 1-3 Finding, applying, and securing funding for international travel opportunities. Topics in culture competence. Presentations from students who have participated in international projects. Lecture/Experiential  Course Coordinator: Travis

CVM 6009 Introduction to Teaching Skills (1cr) Basics of didactic and clinical teaching Small group/Experiential Course Coordinator: Root

CVM 6222 Advanced Clinical Epidemiology (1 cr) Year 2 Application of epidemiologic principles to control infectious diseases in animal populations, review of scientific literature. Global impact of infectious disease, diagnostic tests, disease outbreak investigation, economics of disease control/surveillance. Lecture  Course Coordinator: Kinsley/Travis

CVM 6497 Avian/Exotic Medicine and Surgery (1 cr) Year 3 Bacterial, viral, fungal, and parasitic diseases of companion birds, including caged birds, raptors, racing pigeons, and waterfowl. Behavioral components of common problems. Capture/restraint, radiology, anesthesia. Overview of problems managed surgically. Lecture/Laboratory  Course Coordinator: Willette

CVM 6512 Zoo and Wildlife Rounds (0.5 cr) Years 1-3 Zoo, wildlife, and exotic pet conservation. Lecture/Discussion  Course Coordinator: Wuenschmann

CVM 6560 Public Health Issues and Veterinary Medicine Opportunities (1 cr) Years 1-2 Introduction to public health practice and veterinary medicine. Day-to-day work of public health professionals. Public health principles in context. Veterinary medicine related to public health research/practice. Students interact with advocacy groups, media, lobbyists, legislators, regulatory officials, industry leaders, and public health professionals. Lecture  Course Coordinator: Scheftel

CVM 6690 Integrative Medicine (1 cr) History and principles of acupuncture. Chiropractic and other commonly used complementary approaches to care for domestic animals. Lecture Course Coordinator: Choi

CVM 6966 Applied Small Ruminant and Camelid Practice (1.5 cr) Preventive, medical and surgical care of sheep, goats, and camelids Lecture/Laboratory Course Coordinator: Barrell

CVM 6702 Large Animal Palpation Laboratory (1.5 cr) Year 3 Hands-on clinical experiences in equine and bovine reproductive status/disorders. Laboratory  Course Coordinator: Madill

CVM 6721 Neonatology (1 cr) Year 1 Instruction, emergency duty, and practical application of principles in evaluating and treating sick equine neonates. Seasonal participation in clinically managing hospitalized foals and periodically reviewing past cases. Lecture/Experiential  Course Coordinator: Madill/Ward

CVM 6727 Equine Palpation Laboratory (0.5 cr) Year 3 Hands-on clinical experiences in equine reproductive status/disorders. Laboratory  Course Coordinator: Kuhle

CVM 6800 Bovine Palpation Laboratory (1 cr) Year 3 Hands-on clinical experiences in bovine reproductive status/disorders. Laboratory  Course Coordinator: Caixeta

CVM 6865 Introduction to Swine Production Medicine (1 cr) Year 1 Contemporary approaches to swine practice, including swine production, disease diagnosis, control, treatment, eradication, and preventive care. Lecture  Course Coordinator: Torremorell

CVM 6932 Introduction to Non-domestic Veterinary Medicine (1 cr) Year 1 Overview of professions, including zoo, rehabilitation, wildlife, and conservation medicine. Restraint, evaluation, treatment, and management of nondomestic species. Lecture/Discussion  Course Coordinator: Trent/Hall

CVM 6934 Topics in Zoo Animal Medicine (2 cr) Year 1 Overview of expertise required by a zoo veterinarian. Lecture/Discussion  Course Coordinator: Trent

CVM 6984 Introduction to Laboratory Animal Medicine (1 cr) Year 3 Introduction to varying ethical perspectives on the use and the role and mechanism of regulatory oversight of animal research. Basic concepts related to care and husbandry of laboratory animal species and to understand the unique anatomic, behavioral, and physiological aspects of common laboratory animal species and identify common clinical diseases of laboratory animals, including pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment. Lecture Course Coordinator: Koewler

CVM 6994 Small Animal Dermatology (1 cr) Year 3 This course is designed to prepare third year students for clinics and future career in small and mixed animal practice. Using a case-based approach, the students will have the opportunity to apply and improve their problem-solving skills Lecture  Course Coordinator: Torres


All rotations are worth 2 credits and are experiential.

Core Rotations

CVM 6500 Animal, Public, and Ecosystem Health – CVM – Public health, regulatory, and community activities, roles in food industry, public/environmental/occupational health, zoonoses, food safety, euthanasia and carcass disposal, emergency preparedness, USDA accreditation.

CVM 6502 Necropsy – VDL – Necropsy performance, tissue collection, interpretation and reporting of clinicopathologic findings.

CVM 6532 Clinical Pathology – CVM – Veterinary clinical laboratory medicine. Hematology, cytology, clinical chemistry, endocrinology, microbiology, sample handling and submission, laboratory test methodology.

CVM 6601 / CVM 6602 Small Animal Medicine – VMC – Primary case responsibility for a wide range of clinical diseases. History taking, physical examination, problem definition, diagnostic and treatment planning, case management.

CVM 6644 / CVM 6649 Primary Care – VMC – Students manage their own small animal cases. History taking, physical examination, creation of diagnostic and treatment plans, case management, communications, client education.

CVM 6662 Comparative Anesthesiology – VMC and Equine Center – Practical experience in sedating/anesthetizing routine clinical cases. Student exposure to healthy, normal animals, and high-risk anesthesia patients. Creation of anesthetic plan, patient monitoring and management, teamwork, pain control.

CVM 6663 Small Animal Surgery – VMC – Diagnostic and therapeutic management of surgical patients. History taking, physical examination, communication, problem-solving, and surgical techniques, economic issues, teamwork.

CVM 6664 UMN Spay/Neuter – Animal Humane Society – Elective ovariohysterectomy or castration of dogs and cats, including pre-surgical evaluation, anesthesia induction and maintenance, surgery, and post-operative patient care.

CVM 6711 Large Animal Medicine – VMC and Equine Center – Medical diseases of horses, cattle, small ruminants, camelids, potbellied pigs. History taking, physical examination, clinical diagnosis, treatment, and patient management.

CVM 6712 Equine Ambulatory – West Metro Equine Clinic – On-site history taking, physical examination, diagnostic and treatment planning, and case management of equine cases.

CVM 6715 Large Animal Surgery and Lameness – VMC and Equine Center – General surgery, lameness in horses, with exposure to cattle, small ruminants, camelids. History taking, physical examination, diagnostic and therapeutic management.

CVM 6807 Food Animal Surgery and Anesthesia – VMC – Intensive training in ruminant surgery, in-depth evaluation of food animal surgery and anesthesia principles as well as hands-on laboratory components to solidify understanding.

CVM 6821 Dairy On-Farm Clinical – New Sweden Dairy – Typical transition cow management, clinical veterinary care. Students assist in all day-to-day veterinary management of the dairy.

CVM 6832 Comparative Imaging – VMC – Making diagnostic quality radiographic and sonographic images, applying radiation safety principles, practicing abdominal sonography, and interpreting radiographic and sonographic studies.

CVM 6842 Swine Disease Diagnostics, Therapeutics, and Prevention – VMC and external sites – Major diseases and health technologies, facilities assessment, slaughter checks.


Elective Rotations – Comparative Services

CVM 6521 Avian and Exotic medicine - Clinical rotation - VDL and external sites - Avian medicine and surgery related to companion birds. Case management and pathobiology of disease in non-domestic animals. 

CVM 6634 Comparative Ophthalmology – VMC – Entry-level ophthalmology, diagnosis and treatment.

CVM 6691 Veterinary Acupuncture – VMC – Basic veterinary acupuncture theory, point combination, treatment, diagnosis of diseases, and hands-on veterinary acupuncture technique.


Elective Rotations – Equine

CVM 6733 Equine Dentistry and Nutrition – Equine Center – In-depth training and practice in the principles of equine dentistry.

CVM 6736 Equine Lameness and Podiatry – Equine Center – Diagnosis and treatment of equine lameness and hoof disorders.

CVM 6737 Equine Sports Medicine – Equine Center – Development of lameness and evaluation skills; diagnostic principles for identifying lameness; medical, surgical, and rehabilitation therapies available to treat lameness.

CVM 6747 Equine Theriogenology – Equine Center – Techniques in equine reproduction; handling stallions and mares; testing for estrus; rectal palpation, ultrasound exam of reproductive tract, breeding management, hormone treatments, vaginal examination, uterine culture, cytology and biopsy, semen collection and evaluation, intrauterine therapy, and artificial insemination.


Elective Rotations – Food Animal

CVM 6531 Biosecurity/Containment for Food Animal – CVM – Understanding and practice of biocontainment and biosecurity measures and strategies used in the food animal industry to prevent and contain the spread of disease.

CVM 6789 Fresh Dairy Doe and Newborn Goat Kid Management – External sites – Participation at working dairies during fresh doe and goat kid season; recognition, diagnosis, and treatment of kid illnesses, discussion of health strategies to control Johne’s disease, caprine arthritis encephalitis virus, coccidiosis, neonatal diarrheas, mastitis, parasitism, and nutritional deficiencies.

CVM 6792 Small Ruminant Health and Production – Equine Center and external sites – Production, medication, nutrition and health management in goats, llamas, farmed-deer including new stock, facility maintenance, husbandry, diagnosis, recordkeeping, zoonoses, necropsy, reproductive management, breeding soundness, body condition, vasectomy, ultrasound, castration, tail docking, disbudding, dehorning, vaccination, parasites, restraint and handling, venipuncture, foot trimming, and tuberculin-testing.

CVM 6796 Beef Production Systems Medicine:Feedlot – External sites – Beef cattle feedlot production, medicine, and health management; production systems; receiving protocols and economics; livestock selection and evaluation, health management, facility evaluation; preconditioning, pre-immunization, environmental pollution monitoring, transportation/vaccine protocols, nutrition, respiratory diseases, epidemics, and disease; evaluating small and large feedlot operations; and body condition scoring, castration, dehorning, parasite control, and necropsy.

CVM 6797 Cow-Calf Herd Health and Production – External sites – Cow-calf production, medicine, and health management; seasonal health management, purchasing and introducing new stock, facility requirements and design, husbandry, field diagnostics, reproductive management, vaccine protocols, record-keeping, zoonoses, breeding soundness, dystocia management, body condition scoring, ultrasound, castration, dehorning, venipuncture, and parasite control.

CVM 6806 Food Animal Disease and Diagnostics – VDL – Completion of food animal necropsies, diagnostic assays.

CVM 6811 Bovine Theriogenology and Lameness Overview – CVM – Focus on improving clinical skills in the areas of bovine reproductive and foot health.

CVM 6813 Miracle of Birth – Minnesota State Fair Miracle of Birth Center – Associated with the Minnesota Veterinary Medical Association, participation in delivering calves, lambs, and piglets, and assisting in public education about processes related to large animal delivery and veterinary care.

CVM 6817 Bovine Theriogenology and Lameness, Advanced – CVM – Builds on the skills and knowledge introduced in Bovine Theriogenology and Lameness Overview; exposes students to additional palpation and ultrasonography of the reproductive tract, and advanced hoof-trimming techniques.

CVM 6831 Overview of Dairy Production Medicine – CVM – Promotion of animal welfare, prevention of disease, and recommendations to clients in making decisions that enhance their farms productivity and financial well-being.

CVM 6854 Intro to Swine Health and Production – CVM – Overview of swine health and production and introduction to clinical problem solving based on case examples, including first-hand field experiences; farm visits include experience in problem definition and investigation, preceding formal follow up including report writing and oral presentation of recommendations and all components of the pork chain from feed milling, through animal production, to slaughter and processing.

CVM 6856 Advanced Swine Health and Production – CVM and external sites – Practice of management of a complex active case with investigation and creation of a proposal for the farm to take to resolve the problem.

CVM 6884 Poultry Medicine Clerkship – External sites – Introduction to broiler, layer, and turkey industries; performance analysis, disease diagnosis, management techniques for prevention/control of disease, food safety problems, and diagnostic pathology in a laboratory setting; and classroom presentations, discussions, and on-farm evaluations.

CVM 6997 Advanced Dairy Production Medicine I - Clinical Rotation - Gives background necessary to provide production medicine related services; concepts introduced in ODPM will be used as a basis to explore topics further; allows participants to assist clients in making decisions that enhance their farms productivity, promote animal, and financial well-being.

CVM 6978 Advanced Dairy Production Medicine II - Clinical Rotation - Gives background necessary to provide production medicine related services; concepts introduced in ADPM I will be used as a basis to explore topics further; discusses nutrition, management for milking, transition and replacement animals, transition management, udder health and milk quality, reproductive management, and replacement animal management in depth.


Elective Rotations – Other

CVM 6010 Urgent Care – VMC – Participation in the Urgent Care practice including history-taking, physical examination, clinical decision-making, and treatment planning for urgent small animal cases.

CVM 6308 Laboratory Animal Medicine – CVM – Introduction to laboratory animal medicine to provide a strong foundation in the discipline; uses a mix of didactic and hands-on training methods to foster proficiency in the veterinary care of lab animals and apply skills and knowledge gained in previous courses in the veterinary curriculum.

CVM 6501 Advanced Veterinary Public Health:Food Systems – CVM and external sites – Systems used to raise livestock and poultry, deliver through markets to slaughter or processing facilities, and deliver to consumers; methods to assess and mitigate risks; emphasis on public health/food safety issues.

CVM 6506 Directed Studies: Large Animal – Variable – Student, under guidance of a faculty member, conducts a special project in large animal medicine or surgery.

CVM 6507 Directed Studies: Small Animal– Variable – Student, under guidance of a faculty member, conducts a special project in small animal medicine or surgery.

CVM 6508 Directed Studies: Pathobiology– Variable – Student, under guidance of a faculty member, conducts a special project in pathobiology.

CVM 6509 Directed Studies: Diagnostic Medicine – Variable – Student, under guidance of a faculty member, conducts a special project in diagnostic medicine.

CVM 6510 Master’s Project: Public Health Practice – Variable – Directed field research. Original or secondary analysis of data sets related to public health practice.

CVM 6515 Externship – External sites – Experiential learning in a practice or other professional setting. 

CVM 6516 Externship in Public Health Practice – External sites – Directed field experience or clinical rotation/practicum in selected community or public health agencies/institutions.

CVM 6518 Public Policy – External sites – Public policy-making at state, national, or international level. Integration of knowledge / skills in animal health, public health, and food safety policy development.

CVM 6521 Avian and Exotic Medicine – CVM – Development of the knowledge and technical skills needed to manage common medical and surgical issues of popular avian and exotic species

CVM 6523 Shelter Medicine Rotation at Other Institution – Shelter medicine rotation at another accredited veterinary college.

CVM 6525 Rotation at Other Institution – Participation in an organized program at another degree-granting institution, in an area either not offered at the U of M or in one that complements experience in a clinical rotation at the U of M.

CVM 6526 Dermatology Rotation at Other Institution – Dermatology core rotation taken at another accredited veterinary college.

CVM 6527 Anesthesiology Rotation at Other Institution – Anesthesiology core rotation taken at another accredited veterinary college.

CVM 6528 Radiology Rotation at Other Institution – Radiology core rotation taken at another accredited veterinary college.

CVM 6529 Equine Medicine Rotation at Other Institution – Equine medicine core rotation taken at another accredited veterinary college.

CVM 6955 Community Based Medicine – Animal Humane Society University Avenue Clinic – Students manage their own small animal cases using a community medicine approach. History taking, physical examination, development of creative diagnostic and treatment plans using evidence-based incremental care approaches with the specific household in mind, case management, culturally humble client communications, culturally relevant client education, some primary care surgery.

CVM 6931 Diseases of Zoo Animals and Exotic Pets – External sites – Diseases of and management procedures for zoo animals and exotic pets and restraint procedures, medication, diagnosis.

CVM 6979 Large Animal Emergency and Critical Care – Equine Center – Urgent and emergent diagnosis and case management for large animals including triage, history-taking, physical exams, clinical problem-solving, and patient management.

CVM 6995 Communications in Small Animal Practice – CVM – Repeated practice with feedback of common spiels, case discussions, difficult client conversations, persuasive talks, written client communications.

CVM 6998 Evidence-based Medicine – CVM – Incorporation of patient values, clinical experience, and the best evidence from the literature to answer clinical questions.


Elective Rotations – Small Animal

CVM 6137 Small Animal Clinical Nutrition – VMC – Participation in clinical nutrition service of VMC, manage nutritional needs of patients, perform nutritional assessments of ICU patients, perform internal and referring nutritional consults, and see outpatient appointments.

CVM 6312 Small Animal Dental Rotation – VMC – Participation in the dental service, managing routine as well as complex dental problems; diagnosis of dental problems and formulation of treatment plans; gaining hands-on training in basic periodontal procedures, single/multi-rooted extractions, dental radiographic techniques, instrument/equipment care, and dental charting.

CVM 6520 Small Animal Theriogenology and Pediatrics - Clinical rotation - Online course consisting of individualized study and directed review of advanced topics in small animal theriogenology and pediatrics.

CVM 6605 Banfield Clinical Rotation – External sites – Instruction and supervision managing general clinical caseload in a non-referral, non-academic setting.

CVM 6609 Emergency Critical Care – VMC – Urgent and emergent diagnosis and case management for small animals including triage, history-taking, physical exams, clinical problem-solving, and patient management.

CVM 6632 Dermatology – VMC – Participation in all phases of diagnosis and management of routine dermatologic problems in companion animal practice.

CVM 6636 Cardiology – VMC – Clinical problem-solving for cases of cardiopulmonary disease, including canine and feline congenital heart disease, acquired valvular/myocardial disease, dirofilariasis, arrhythmias, pulmonary disorders; hands-on experience in conducting physical exams, recording electrocardiograms and echocardiograms, and reading thoracic radiographs.

CVM 6648 Advanced Clinical Oncology – VMC – Case management, self-directed research; receiving of oncology referrals, working with emergency cases and special procedures, assisting in treatment decisions and therapeutic options for new cases, and managing ongoing chemotherapy/radiation therapy patients; emphasis on principles of oncology and patient care.

CVM 6651 Small Animal Ultrasound – Clinical rotation – VMC – Physics of ultrasound, use of ultrasound equipment, review of common ultrasonographic scans and introduction to cardiac ultrasound. 

CVM 6661 Neurology – VMC – Medical and surgical neurology; providing complete neurological service for clients, patients, and hospital.

CVM 6665 Small Animal Physical Rehabilitation – VMC – Evaluation of patients to determine a rehabilitation problem list; establish treatment goals; and apply basic physical modalities, proper passive range of motion, and beginning therapeutic exercises.

CVM 6883 Raptor Center – Raptor Center – Participation in all aspects of raptor medicine, surgery, and rehabilitation.